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Regional trains

Regional train for long-distance traffic

The regional trains for long-distance traffic operate shorter routes between population centres. They also provide convenient further connections for the InterCity and Pendolino trains. For example, regional trains take you from Savonlinna to Parikkala.

Regional trains are railbuses and electric trains.

Electric Sm4 trains

  • Accessible trains – easier boarding due to the low floor design 
  • Space for prams 
  • Space for bikes 
  • Wheelchair spaces 
  • Seats for passengers travelling with pets 
  • Accessible toilets 
  • Air conditioning

Electric Sm2 trains

  • Space for prams 
  • Space for bikes 
  • Seats for passengers travelling with pets 
  • Toilets 
  • The trains are not accessible (steps to the train) 

Railbuses Dm12

  • Free wi-fi (VR-junaverkko)
  • Space for bikes
  • Space for prams
  • Wheelchair spaces and wheelchair lifts
  • Accessible toilets
  • Seats for passengers travelling with pets
  • Overhead racks for luggage
  • Please note that railbuses have less space for luggage than other trains

Regional train operations


  • Pieksämäki–Joensuu–Nurmes
  • Iisalmi–Ylivieska
  • Karjaa–Hanko
  • Savonlinna–Parikkala
  • Tampere–Keuruu
  • Jyväskylä–Seinäjoki

Electric trains

  • Lahti–Kouvola
  • Kouvola–Port of Kotka

Regional trains need no locomotives

Railbuses and electric trains have no locomotives, as the machinery moving the train is part of the coach. Railbuses operate on non-electrified railway line sections, with electric trains operating on electrified sections.

Regional trains do not have a separate locomotive, railbus in the picture.

Remember lättähattu?

Valmet’s blue-grey railbuses, manufactured in 1954–1963, were known by the name lättähattu (‘flat cap’). They replaced steam locomotives in local traffic. The last flat caps were taken out of use at the end of the 1980s.


Railbuses are diesel trains. They are intended for non-electrified track sections on which electric trains cannot operate. The railbus manufacturer is ČKD Vagonka, a Czech company. The maximum speed is 120 km/h.

Sm2 and Sm4

Electric trains include the Sm2 trains and new Sm4 trains. The Sm2 trains were replaced after the year 2000. There are 30 Sm4 trains, which were taken into use between 1999 and 2005.